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    隨筆:語音教學方面存在一些問題

    分享到: 來源:未知 作者:草場-武智華 點擊:
      

    在小學階段,由于有的教師對語音教學重要性的認識不足,加之師資水平、教學設備和地域條件的限制,語音教學方面存在一些問題,主要有下面幾種。
    1 課堂教學中弱化語音教學的問題。教師對語音教學的意識不強,在教學設計中很少涉及語音內容,課堂上講授語音,通常會引起教師的焦慮。擔心教學占用時間,完成不了本節課的教學內容,必然會忽略學生對每個單詞的音節或重音是否讀得正確;學生讀句子時,忽略了語調是否正確等。解決這些問題的首要條件是轉變觀念。教師要關注學生的學習結果。越是大班教學越要重視對學生進行個別檢查。保證每個學生對新學詞句的發音準確。因為大班教學人數多,教室空間大,離教師遠的學生難免聽不清或聽錯音。備課時,教師要認真分析教學中存在的語音難點,教學中要有足夠的時間去糾正學生的錯誤發音,在學習的起始階段就抓好語音訓練。學生如果在剛開始學習的時候沒能養成正確、良好的發音習慣,今后要糾正是很困難的,錯誤的發音必然影響他們使用英語進行交際,影響后繼學習。
    2 語音教學方法問題。語音教學的方法有很多種,但對兒童都不合適。對他們來說,語音是一種感知性的學習,只有合適的語音教學方法,才會有好的效果。小學階段的語音教學是要培養學生能夠正確地發音,記住單詞的重音,掌握好節奏和語調。教學中教師要多示范、學生多模仿、多練習,少講規則,并適時設計一些游戲活動,增加教學的趣味性。

    WWW。hbban。cN


    (1)示范要正確,模仿不失真,關注每一個學生。在示范讀者這個環節上,提倡教師多使用錄音錄像等視聽材料和設備,以保證示范的正確性。因為第一印象非常重要,會讓學生形成長期記憶,錯誤的示范音將會誤導學生,以后難以糾正。在作示范時,教師要保證每個學生都能聽清楚示范音的各個音素,并能夠用正確的語音語調模仿出來。在沒有聽清楚的情況下不能盲目模仿;模仿不能跟示范同時進行,必須先認真聆聽示范發音,然后再模仿。
    (2)開發趣味資源,變換學習方式,引導學生多說多練。正確的語音,流利的口語不是一朝一夕就能學會的,需要日復一日長期堅持不懈地操練才能習得。在訓練過程中要避免形式單調的機械式操練。游戲活動最能激發兒童的學習興趣,如童謠、繞口令和歌曲優美的節奏和韻律是練習語音的好材料。
    (3)講語音規則,幫助學生找出規律。掌握元音字母在開音節和重讀閉單節里的發音規律以及字母組合的讀音規律,可以幫助學生自學新單詞,同時還能幫助學生克服靠死記硬背來記憶生詞。拼讀記憶要比死記硬背容易得多,但是,讀音的規則應該讓學生在學習的過程中自己悟出。比如,學了face,cake,kate后,能發現lake,make,same,game的讀音;學了like,kite后,能讀出bike,five;學過bag,cat,會讀map;學過bus,sun,會讀lug,mug…讓學生通過自己思考來發現規律。 HBBAN.CN
    總之,教師必須把學好語音貫穿于整個小學階段的英語教學中,堅持不懈,才能使學生的發音正確,將來能說一口流利、地道的英語。那對學生來說,是一件終生受益的幸事。
    本文來自冀教網

    [隨筆:語音教學方面存在一些問題]來自冀教網,版權歸原作者所有

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