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    淺談新課標下的作文教學 -王慶文

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        淺談新課標下的作文教學
        每當考試后,總有一些老師在議論這樣一種現象:平常公認的作文能力強、發表過多篇作品的學生紛紛落馬。他們總結的原因是因為存在著“生活作文”和“考試作文”的現象,這部分學生不會寫“考試作文”。真有“生活作文”和“考試作文”兩種標準?其實,不應該存在這樣的兩種評價標準,它們應該是統一的,好作文應該到哪兒都是好作文。
        雖然“樂于表達、自主表達”已成為作文教學的一種追求和時尚,我們也會說“我手寫我心”,但我們或是為了追求一種短期效應,或是對新課標精神把握不準,或是傳統習作的觀念根深蒂固,導致現行的作文教學仍沒多大改觀,還存在著許多誤區。對于我們大家熟悉的“大作”,我想引用一段網友的話:“大作是學生怕,老師怕,家長怕。學生怕寫——實在無法寫;老師怕教、怕改;家長更怕,大作文的惡處蔓延到了周記、心得上,于是家長逼、哄、教、幫……連個雙休日也泡湯。”正是“為伊消得人憔悴,想說愛你不容易。”
        其實,新課標已經讓我們把要求降下來,但是我們仍然濤聲依舊,我們仍然在重復著昨天的故事。我們還是要求學生的作文中心要突出、還是要求要寫多少百字、要有意義……這一切,成為了我們作文教學的桎梏。

    本文來自冀教網

        作文之所以失真,是因為學生在錯誤的作文觀念下,沒有說出自己心里真正想說的話。他們真實的思想和心靈的感覺往往被公眾和老師的言詞所淹沒,只能是隨波逐流。巴金曾經說過,寫作,寫作就是無技巧地再現生活。
        那么,我們應該做些什么呢?
        首先要培養學生寫作興趣,養成良好的寫作習慣。“興趣是最好的老師”。關于作文教學,于永正老師說了兩句話:1,有頭有尾的作文就是好作文。2,有好的心情就能寫出好的作文。 其實,每個人都可以成為作家。我們需要給學生,特別是初寫作文的學生以更多的鼓勵,用你的慧眼去發現更多的閃光點,讓他們品嘗到成功的喜悅,從而愛上習作。試想,如果他的作文總是被批“不及格”,他怎么會有好的心情,他怎么會樂于寫作文呢?說真話、實話、心里話,不說假話、空話、套話。這是就我們的作文教學。
        其次要真正改變作文評價的觀念。有專家對學生的作文評價提出了“三不”原則:一不管他寫什么,二不管他寫多少,三不管他寫得對不對。也許我們有些老師會說少寫、不寫、寫錯了還能不管嗎?其實這句話的意思是不要把眼光只盯在有幾個錯別字、標點符號不會用、語句有毛病等問題上,而要看他的觀察是否是真實的,情感流露是不是自然的。作文應當是個性化的產物,文如其人、言為心聲。不同的人對于同一種事物的感受也不盡相同,寫作也應該各具特色。我們就應當讓學生敢于在寫作中思考,發現自我和展示自我,寫出富有個性的文章。我們的作文教學就要多一點激勵,少一點約束;多容忍一點真實的稚嫩,少苛求一點虛假的成熟。

    本文來自冀教網


        第三,創設良好的讀書氛圍,養成讀書的習慣。課標指出要“少做題、多讀書、讀好書、讀整本的書”,我們應當認真地貫徹執行。讀書是提高作文能力的一個法寶,能夠使學生們獲得非常多的間接經驗。實踐表明,只要我們引領學生天天讀了,大聲讀一本本書了,孩子愛上寫作,那是非常簡單的事。
        第四,要堅持開展語文實踐活動。寫作不能離開生活,生活更是作文章的法寶,沒有生活就沒有語言。語文實踐活動能夠積累寫作素材,提高語言文字的運用能力。我們可以通過看新聞、讀書比賽、實驗等等活動開展實踐活動,加強課內與課外、校內與校外、學科與學科之間的融合,體現“大語文”的教學觀,豐富學生的寫作素材。
        竇桂梅老師這樣說過:說一千,道一萬,我們突然明白,眾里尋她千百度,驀然回首,那人卻在燈火闌珊處。今天我們談創新作文、談新作文,其實只是讓我們們返璞歸真,回歸生活,我們的作文教學就應該是星星還是那個星星,月亮也還是那個月亮,山也還是那座山……

        山東省淄博市淄川區王慶文
      【copyright hbban.cn】

    [淺談新課標下的作文教學 -王慶文]來自冀教網,版權歸原作者所有

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